APNEA: Pause of breathing.
CENTRAL APNEA: A period during which the infant stops breathing.
OBSTRUCTIVE APNEA: When the infant attempts to breathe but there is an “obstruction” to the airway, so that the baby is unable to breathe effectively.
PERIODIC BREATHING: Occurs when an infant takes a few breaths, stops for a few seconds, takes another few breaths, then stops again, producing an irregular pattern of breathing
ARRHYTHMIA: Heart rate irregularity.
BRADYCARDIA: Abnormally slow heart.
CPR: Cardia Pulmonary Resuscitation. Mouth to Mouth and Chest Compressions.
CYANOSIS: Blue color skin.
DUSKINESS: Slight blue or darkness color of skin.
ELECTROCARDIOGRAM: EKG or ECG tracing of the heart.
FONTANEL: Soft spot on baby’s head.
HYPOXIA: Low level of oxygen in the blood caused by shallow Breathing or holding breath.
PALLOR: Pale, very chalky white skin.
PRN: Whenever necessary or as needed.
REFLUX: Food coming up in back of baby’s throat causing vomiting, coughing, or choking.
SIDS: Sudden infant death syndrome. Crib death, unexplained death of an infant after autopsy.
TACHYCARDIA: Abnormally fast heart rate.